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Glossary

Glossary


A

ACCLIMATION
Allowing the moisture content of wood to adjust to normal living conditions at the site – that is, the temperature and humidity conditions that will normally be experienced once the site is occupied.

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B

BACKBAND
The back band provides an additional level of detail or accent to door and window casings. The back band is a more functional element that provides thickness at the edge of a casing when a thick baseboard, chair rail or wall panel detail is to be used.

BASEBOARD
The baseboard is the trim that runs along the bottom of the wall at the floor. Its style and proportions should be selected to work in harmony with other wood detailing such as the doors and windows. Often used in combination with a base shoe the base treatment provides a visual foundation to the room.

BASE SHOE
A base shoe is a versatile moulding that covers small discrepancies between the baseboard and the floor along with protecting the wall and baseboard from kicks and bumps from furniture, kids and cleaning tools. It is common to match the species and finish of the base shoe to that of the floor.

BRICK MOULD
A brick mould is basically an exterior casing. There are a variety of shapes to accent the home’s exterior. Because there are functional requirements to consider, it is recommended that you consult a professional carpenter before you make your selection.

BUILD-UPS
Build ups are a way of creating large personalized details by combining smaller profiles in a cost effective manner and which are easy to install.

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C

CASING
The casing is both functional and decorative. First, the casing covers the gap between the door or window jamb and the drywall. Second, the casing is one of the key mouldings which define the character of any room.

CHAIR RAIL
A chair rail’s practical function is to protect the wall from the back of dining chairs. It is usually installed between 32 and 36 inches above the floor. The chair rail is used either as a stand alone feature or as part of a wall panelling treatment.

COMPOSITE MOULDING
Composite moulding is a combination of wood moulding and a wood pulp material. The pulp material is applied to a solid wood moulding. It creates an intricate design with the appearance of hand-carved wood at a fraction of the cost. Composite moulding will accept stain and paint, as well as gold leafing and faux finishing. A further advantage of composite moulding is that multiple patterns can be combined for a custom look. Ideal for millwork and design professionals, composite moulding is available in long lengths and is easily installed with conventional woodworking tools.

CORK FLOORING
Cork is natural, pleasing to the eye, easy to care for, quiet, soft and warm to the touch, yet durable enough to handle the punishing traffic of active lifestyles. Its versatility makes cork suitable for the bedroom, storeroom, living room, office, kitchen and especially children’s playroom.

COVE MOULDING
Cove moulding is a versatile moulding most commonly used with wall panelling on the inside of a corner.

CROWN
A crown moulding is the transition from wall to ceiling. It is a dramatic accent that can set the theme for any detailing project.

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H

HANDRAIL
There are many sizes and shapes of handrail available to choose from. The size, proportion and style of a handrail should reflect the chosen spindle and newel post with respect to the desired design character of your home.

HEADER
Headers are installed over top of doors and windows in place of the top casing. Door and window headers reflect the grand ‘Victorian’ detailing of 18th and 19th century architecture.

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N

NOSING
Nosing is used to finish the wood floor at the edge of a stair or landing. We also provide a selection of nosing suitable for use with tile, marble and carpet.

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P

PANEL MOULD
The panel mould is used to create frame and panel wainscot details. They can be used individually or built-up to create a larger recessed panel profiles.

PLINTH BLOCK
A plinth block is used at the floor below door casing creating a transition to the baseboard.

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Q

QUERCUS SUBER
Cork is harvested from the bark of a tree called Quercus Suber. The bark is peeled from the tree in nine-year cycles ensuring a sustainable, life-long resource where no trees are cut down. Quercus Suber grows widely in specific regions of Western Mediterranean.

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R

REDUCER
Reducer is intended for use when a small transition is required from one finished floor surface to another. We also provide a selection of reducers suitable for use with tile-to-wood or wood-to-tile reductions.

ROUNDS – Full, Half & quarter
These simple shapes have multitudes of applications from door and window stops to wall panel accents to curtain rods.

ROSETTE
A rosette (sometimes referred to as a corner block) is used in place of a mitred corner around doors and windows. They are easy to install and create a strong classic detail. Rosettes are generally used in conjunction with plinth blocks

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S

STOP & SCREEN
Stop and screen mouldings have a variety of applications. Primarily the stop mouldings are used with door and window jambs.

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T

THRESHOLD
The threshold is used to bridge the difference between two finished floor surfaces under an exterior door and allow for the draft seal to create an air-tight closure. The threshold is generally matched to the color and species of the wood floor inside the house.

TRANSITION
Transitions are similar to reducers but allow for transitions between finished flooring surfaces, which are either the same thickness or are very close in thickness. A transition strip is useful when you wish to change the strip (grain) direction between rooms.

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W

WALL PANEL
Linear wall panelling is created by fitting together vertical rows of tongue and groove or lap joint wall panelling.

WINDOW STOOL
The window stool is one of the most often neglected opportunities to transform a plain window into something special. A window stool is installed in place of the bottom casing and is often used with a window liner and header.

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